Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Neurology <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Neurology</strong>&nbsp;aims&nbsp;to publish&nbsp;high-quality&nbsp;papers (<a href="/index.php/AJORRIN/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all aspects of&nbsp;‘Neurology’. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> en-US (Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Neurology) (Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Neurology) Mon, 16 Aug 2021 09:53:47 +0000 OJS 60 Is High Blood Pressure Always an Obstacle in Stroke Thrombolysis? <p>The “Type of Article” of this paper is “Letter to the Editor”. This paper discuses about: “Is High Blood Pressure Always an Obstacle in Stroke Thrombolysis?”. No formal abstract is available. Readers are requested to read the full article.</p> Debabrata Chakraborty, Suvadip Maiti, Sadanand Dey, Sanjay Bhaumik ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 03 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Case Report: Compressive Cervical Radiculopathy Caused by Spontaneous Bilateral Vertebral Artery Dissection <p>Cervical artery dissection accounts for almost 20% of ischemic strokes in young patients. Vertebral artery dissection is considered less common than carotid dissection, and 18% of cases are bilateral. The typical presentation is posterior neck pain, holocranial or frontal headache, and focal neurological manifestations if a secondary ischemic event occurred. Compressive radiculopathy is a rare complication of vertebral artery dissection and C5 is the most commonly affected root. We report two cases of cervical radiculopathy, a rare complication of vertebral artery dissection.</p> Marcela Canio S., Cynthia Mendoza S., Natalia Albornoz H., Daniel Andreu O., Pablo Reyes Sánchez ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 22 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Medical History and Clinical Characteristics of People with Epilepsy Attending Two Tertiary Hospitals in Southeast Nigeria: A Review of 150 Adults <p>The key to accurate classification of epilepsies is the accurate characterization of seizure types and clinical history. Accurate clinical characterization of seizures is important in selecting candidates who are more likely to benefit from radio-imaging. Few studies have addressed the clinical characteristic of seizures in people living with epilepsy (PWE) in southeast Nigeria. A total of 150 cases of epilepsy were reviewed with a male to female ratio of 1.7:1. P=0.96. The mean age of the patients was 33.6(16.4) years. The peak age group of the patients was 20-29 years with a smaller peak after 50 years. The mean age-of-onset was 30.9(15.3) years, earlier in females than males. P=0.01. The peak age onset was 0-9 years. More than half of the PWE (54%) reported that seizures could occur at any time of the day while 4(2.7%) said they had seizures on awakening.&nbsp; Seventy (46.7%) could never predict the onset of seizures. Sixty-eight(45.3%) had experienced multiple seizures within a week in the past and 54(36%) had experienced prolonged seizures lasting more than 10 minutes. Overall, 78(52%) reported a history of bodily injury but only 12(8%) considered their injury as severe. The commonest medication used 114(76%). In conclusion, there is second peak of age-of-onset after 50 years in epilepsy patients attending a hospital clinic in southeast Nigeria. About 46.7% could predict the onset of seizures. PWE also reported high rates of possible status epilepticus and seizure clusters, high rates of injury.</p> Birinus Ezeala-Adikaibe, F. Ekochin, Nkeiru Mbadiwe, I. Okoye, C. C. Okwara, C. Orah-Okpala, O. D. Onodugo, N. P. Onodugo ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 16 Aug 2021 09:57:41 +0000 Assessment of Neurodevelopmental Impairments among 0-2 Years Old Children Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital by Development Screening Questionnaire <p><strong>Background: </strong>Pediatric neurodevelopmental disorders have a large burden on the health care system all over the world particularly in developing countries. Due to the constraints of the appropriate diagnostic tools many of these children report late and identification in appropriate time is not possible. These missed opportunities thus increase the number of children with disability. Therefore simple measures are needed to determine neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) at an early age where professional expertise is sparse.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>To determine the proportion of children having NDIs in a tertiary care hospital by using Development Screening Questionnaire (DSQ); and to estimate the specific types of NDIs within the study population.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>It was a cross sectional&nbsp; observational study held in&nbsp; Department of Pediatric Neurology,&nbsp;&nbsp; Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University&nbsp;(BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2018 to December 2018. Children aged 0-2 years who were attending Pediatric Neurology out patient department were included in the study. Screening of all children in the sample was done by DSQ for NDIs.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Among the study subjects, 7.26% children were found to have DSQ positive for NDIs. Cognition (64.71%) and speech (64.71%) were the mostly affected domain. Detection of NDIs by DSQ in other domains were: gross motor (35.29%), fine motor (17.65%), hearing (29.41%), vision (25.53%), behavior (5.89%) and socialization (0.0%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> In this study group, the frequency of NDIs was 7.26%. In certain developmental domain (i.e. cognition, speech, gross motor, hearing) NDIs were detected more in this small scale study by using DSQ.</p> Mohammad Zahir Uddin, Muhammad Mizanur Rahman, Kanij Fatema, A. R. M. Sakhawat Hossain Khan, Mohammad Monir Hossain, Tania Saad ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 17 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Brain Lateralization and Its Influence on Motor Learning: Time Taken in the Acquisition of a Novel Motor Task in the Right and Left Hand Dominant Healthy Subjects <p><strong>Aim:</strong> To identify the difference in motor learning duration between right and left dominant subjects for a novel task.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> Quasi-experimental study design with two groups, pre and post-intervention assessment</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> The study was conducted at KMCH College of Physiotherapy, Coimbatore, between January to July 2018.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> 30 healthy subjects, 15 right dominant in group A and 15 left dominant in group B, within the age group of 18 to 25 years, were selected for the study. A well-designed practice protocol was made for a novel motor task of transferring wooden cubes of 1cm<sup>3 </sup>from one tray to another using chopsticks. Pre and post-test scores were recorded as the total time taken to transfer 50 cubes.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> 9 males and 6 females were recruited in each group. It was identified that both groups had a significant reduction in the time taken to complete the task. (Mean Difference Group A=109.2±5.5; B=111.1±5.7).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> We conclude that there is no difference in the duration of motor learning between right and left dominant subjects. Both groups demonstrated a significant reduction in the time taken to complete the novel task with 7 sessions of practice. Hand dominance will not influence the time taken in acquiring skill in performing a motor activity through practice/training.</p> S. Sivakumar, Tittu Thomas James, P. K. Kavitha, Jayabalan Prakash ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 18 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000