Anti-Neuroinflammatory Potential of Herbal Formulations in Attenuation of Neurodegenerative Diseases

M. Ganga Raju *

Department of Pharmacology, Gokaraj Rangaraju College of Pharmacy, Nizampet-Bachupally Road, Bachupally, Hyderabad, Telanangana 500090, India.

K. Keerthana

Department of Pharmacology, Gokaraj Rangaraju College of Pharmacy, Nizampet-Bachupally Road, Bachupally, Hyderabad, Telanangana 500090, India.

N. V. L. Suvarchala Reddy V.

Department of Pharmacology, Gokaraj Rangaraju College of Pharmacy, Nizampet-Bachupally Road, Bachupally, Hyderabad, Telanangana 500090, India.

K. V. Srinija

Department of Pharmacology, Gokaraj Rangaraju College of Pharmacy, Nizampet-Bachupally Road, Bachupally, Hyderabad, Telanangana 500090, India.

P. Sravya

Department of Pharmacology, Gokaraj Rangaraju College of Pharmacy, Nizampet-Bachupally Road, Bachupally, Hyderabad, Telanangana 500090, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The reaction characterized by inflammation in the brain or the spinal column is known medically as "neuroinflammation." The central nervous system is impacted by neurodegeneration, which is epitomized by the loss of neural functioning and structure. Neurodegeneration occurs as a result of viral infection. It is mostly observed in a range of conditions referred to as "neurodegenerative diseases," which primarily affect the elderly and hurt mental as well as physical performance. These illnesses include amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease. Neurodegeneration's fundamental causes continue to remain a mystery. Nevertheless, new research indicates that several neurodegenerative mechanisms that are related to depression a side effect of neurodegenerative disease are intimately associated with the inflammatory process. Cytokines that promote inflammatory processes are crucial to understanding the pathophysiology of depression and dementia. Activated microglial cells are believed to play a major role in the inflammatory and immune responses that occur in neurological conditions and neurodegenerative conditions. Signaling chemicals are produced throughout neuroinflammation and these molecules regulate multiple pro-apoptotic mechanisms. Treatment strategies for neurological conditions with an inflammatory component involve grasping neurological inflammation pathways, controlling the generation of cytokines, and managing the microglial inflammatory reaction. Some herbal formulations discussed in this review like curcumin and rutin were useful in the therapy of neuroinflammation induced neurodegeneration.

Keywords: Neuroinflammation, neurodegenerative diseases, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease


How to Cite

Raju , M. G., Keerthana , K., N. V. L. Suvarchala Reddy V., Srinija , K. V., & Sravya , P. (2023). Anti-Neuroinflammatory Potential of Herbal Formulations in Attenuation of Neurodegenerative Diseases. Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Neurology, 6(1), 185–193. Retrieved from https://journalajorrin.com/index.php/AJORRIN/article/view/95

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