Integrating Cerebrovascular Neurosurgery into National Health Policies: A Roadmap for Nigeria

Taiwo Akindahunsi *

Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Rutland Ave, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Bamidele Oludele Adebayo

Department of Surgery, Neurosurgery Unit, Federal Medical Center, Bisi Onanbanjo Way, Idi Aba, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

This study explores the integration of cerebrovascular neurosurgery into Nigeria's national health policies, aiming to enhance the accessibility, quality, and sustainability of neurosurgical care. With a focus on Nigeria’s challenges due to a high prevalence of cerebrovascular diseases (CVDs), this research identifies critical gaps in healthcare delivery and proposes comprehensive reforms. The study employed a systematic review of existing literature with thematic analysis to identify barriers to neurosurgical care and evaluate the effectiveness of current national health policies. Key barriers identified include severe shortages in the neurosurgical workforce, inadequate medical infrastructure, financial constraints, geographic disparities, and a general lack of public awareness about cerebrovascular diseases. The analysis also highlights the fragmented nature of the healthcare system and the inadequacy of current health policies to support neurosurgical needs effectively. In response to these challenges, the study proposes the Systems Integration Framework for Cerebrovascular Neurosurgery (SIF-CN), a framework designed to address these issues through strategic policy recommendations. The framework emphasizes workforce expansion, infrastructure enhancement, better integration of neurosurgical care within national health policies, improved financing mechanisms, and enhanced public awareness programs. The findings suggest that implementing the SIF-CN could significantly improve health outcomes by increasing the availability and quality of neurosurgical care, thus reducing the mortality and disability associated with cerebrovascular diseases. Economically, better neurosurgical care could decrease the long-term healthcare costs and enhance productivity by reducing the burden of disability. Socially, the proposed framework aims to ensure equitable access to care and enhance the overall public health infrastructure. The study concludes that urgent, collaborative action is required to overhaul the existing framework and implement the proposed model, which could lead to substantial improvements in the health and well-being of Nigeria's population.

Keywords: Cerebrovascular neurosurgery, Nigeria, health policy, systems integration model, healthcare barriers, neurosurgical workforce, public health infrastructure


How to Cite

Akindahunsi, Taiwo, and Bamidele Oludele Adebayo. 2024. “Integrating Cerebrovascular Neurosurgery into National Health Policies: A Roadmap for Nigeria”. Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Neurology 7 (1):57-72. https://journalajorrin.com/index.php/AJORRIN/article/view/104.

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